GLib uses the Meson build system. The normal sequence for compiling and installing the GLib library is thus:
$ meson setup _build $ meson compile -C _build $ meson install -C _build
On FreeBSD, you will need something more complex:
$ env CPPFLAGS="-I/usr/local/include" LDFLAGS="-L/usr/local/lib -Wl,--disable-new-dtags" \ > meson setup \ > -Dxattr=false \ > -Dinstalled_tests=true \ > -Diconv=external \ > -Db_lundef=false \ > _build $ meson compile -C _build
The standard options provided by Meson may be passed to the
meson command. Please see the Meson documentation or run:
meson configure --help
for information about the standard options.
GLib is compiled with strict aliasing disabled. It is strongly recommended that this is not re-enabled by overriding the compiler flags, as GLib has not been tested with strict aliasing and cannot be guaranteed to work.
Before you can compile the GLib library, you need to have various other tools and libraries installed on your system. If you are building from a release archive, you will need a compliant C toolchain, Meson, and pkg-config; the requirements are the same when building from a Git repository clone of GLib.
pkg-configis a tool for tracking the compilation flags needed for libraries that are used by the GLib library. (For each library, a small
.pctext file is installed in a standard location that contains the compilation flags needed for that library along with version number information).
A UNIX build of GLib requires that the system implements at least the original 1990 version of POSIX. Beyond this, it depends on a number of other libraries.
- The GNU libiconv library is
needed to build GLib if your system doesn’t have the
iconv()function for doing conversion between character encodings. Most modern systems should have
iconv(), however many older systems lack an
iconv()implementation. On such systems, you must install the libiconv library. This can be found at: http://www.gnu.org/software/libiconv.
If your system has an
iconv() implementation but you want to use
libiconv instead, you can pass the
-Diconv=gnu option to Meson. This
forces libiconv to be used.
Note that if you have libiconv installed in your default include search
path (for instance, in /usr/local/), but don’t enable it, you will get an
error while compiling GLib because the
iconv.h that libiconv installs
hides the system iconv.
If you are using the native iconv implementation on Solaris instead of libiconv, you’ll need to make sure that you have the converters between locale encodings and UTF-8 installed. At a minimum you’ll need the SUNWuiu8 package. You probably should also install the SUNWciu8, SUNWhiu8, SUNWjiu8, and SUNWkiu8 packages.
The native iconv on Compaq Tru64 doesn’t contain support for UTF-8, so you’ll need to use GNU libiconv instead. (When using GNU libiconv for GLib, you’ll need to use GNU libiconv for GNU gettext as well.) This probably applies to related operating systems as well.
Python 3.5 or newer is required. Your system Python must conform to PEP 394 For FreeBSD, this means that the lang/python3 port must be installed.
The libintl library from the GNU gettext package is needed if your system doesn’t have the
gettext()functionality for handling message translation databases.
A thread implementation is needed. The thread support in GLib can be based upon POSIX threads or win32 threads.
GRegex uses the PCRE library for regular expression matching. The default is to use the system version of PCRE, to reduce the chances of security fixes going out of sync. GLib additionally provides an internal copy of PCRE in case the system version is too old, or does not support UTF-8; the internal copy is patched to use GLib for memory management and to share the same Unicode tables.
The optional extended attribute support in GIO requires the
getxattr()family of functions that may be provided by the C library or by the standalone libattr library. To build GLib without extended attribute support, use the
The optional SELinux support in GIO requires libselinux. To build GLib without SELinux support, use the
The optional support for DTrace requires the
sys/sdt.hheader, which is provided by SystemTap on Linux. To build GLib without DTrace, use the
The optional support for SystemTap can be disabled with the
-Dsystemtap=falseoption. Additionally, you can control the location where GLib installs the SystemTap probes, using the
In addition to the normal options, these additional ones are supported when configuring the GLib library:
- This is a standard Meson option which specifies how much debugging and
optimization to enable. If the build type starts with
G_ENABLE_DEBUGwill be defined and GLib will be built with additional debug code enabled. If the build type is
plain, GLib will not enable any optimization or debug options by default, and will leave it entirely to the user to choose their options. To build with the options recommended by GLib developers, choose
- Normally, Meson should be able to work out the correct thread implementation to use. This option forces POSIX threads to be used even if the platform provides another threading API (for example, on Windows).
- Normally, GLib will be configured to use the system-supplied PCRE library if it is suitable, falling back to an internal version otherwise. If this option is specified, the internal version will always be used. Using the internal PCRE is the preferred solution if:
- your system has strict resource constraints; the system-supplied PCRE has a separated copy of the tables used for Unicode handling, whereas the internal copy shares the Unicode tables used by GLib.
- your system has PCRE built without some needed features, such as UTF-8 and Unicode support.
- you are planning to use both GRegex and PCRE API at the same time, either directly or indirectly through a dependency; PCRE uses some global variables for memory management and other features, and if both GLib and PCRE try to access them at the same time, this could lead to undefined behavior.
- By default, GLib uses the
-Bsymbolic-functionslinker flag to avoid intra-library PLT jumps. A side-effect of this is that it is no longer possible to override internal uses of GLib functions with
LD_PRELOAD. Therefore, it may make sense to turn this feature off in some situations. The
-Dbsymbolic_functions=falseoption allows to do that.
- By default, GLib will detect whether the gtk-doc package is installed. If it is, then it will use it to extract and build the documentation for the GLib library. These options can be used to explicitly control whether gtk-doc should be used or not. If it is not used, the distributed, pre-generated HTML files will be installed instead of building them on your machine.
- By default, GLib will detect whether xsltproc and the necessary DocBook stylesheets are installed. If they are, then it will use them to rebuild the included man pages from the XML sources. These options can be used to explicitly control whether man pages should be rebuilt used or not. The distribution includes pre-generated man pages.
- By default, GLib will detect whether the
getxattr()family of functions is available. If it is, then extended attribute support will be included in GIO. These options can be used to explicitly control whether extended attribute support should be included or not.
getxattr()and friends can be provided by glibc or by the standalone libattr library.
- By default, GLib will detect if libselinux is available and include SELinux support in GIO if it is. These options can be used to explicitly control whether SELinux support should be included.
- By default, GLib will detect if DTrace support is available, and use it. These options can be used to explicitly control whether DTrace support is compiled into GLib.
- This option requires DTrace support. If it is available, then GLib will also check for the presence of SystemTap.
- Enable the generation of coverage reports for the GLib tests. This requires
the lcov frontend to gcov from the Linux Test Project. To generate a
coverage report, use
ninja coverage-html. The report is placed in the
- Allows specifying a relative path to where to install the runtime libraries
(meaning library files used for running, not developing, GLib applications).
This can be used in operating system setups where programs using GLib needs
to run before e.g.
/usris mounted. For example, if LIBDIR is
../../libis passed to
-Druntime_libdirthen the runtime libraries are installed into