Function Macro


since: 2.44




A convenience macro for emitting the usual declarations in the header file for a type which is not (at the present time) intended to be subclassed.

You might use it in a header as follows:

#ifndef _myapp_window_h_
#define _myapp_window_h_

#include <gtk/gtk.h>

#define MY_APP_TYPE_WINDOW my_app_window_get_type ()
G_DECLARE_FINAL_TYPE (MyAppWindow, my_app_window, MY_APP, WINDOW, GtkWindow)

MyAppWindow *    my_app_window_new    (void);



And use it as follow in your C file:

struct _MyAppWindow
 GtkWindow parent;
G_DEFINE_TYPE (MyAppWindow, my_app_window, GTK_TYPE_WINDOW)

This results in the following things happening:

  • the usual my_app_window_get_type() function is declared with a return type of GType

  • the MyAppWindow type is defined as a typedef of struct _MyAppWindow. The struct itself is not defined and should be defined from the .c file before G_DEFINE_TYPE() is used.

  • the MY_APP_WINDOW() cast is emitted as static inline function along with the MY_APP_IS_WINDOW() type checking function

  • the MyAppWindowClass type is defined as a struct containing GtkWindowClass. This is done for the convenience of the person defining the type and should not be considered to be part of the ABI. In particular, without a firm declaration of the instance structure, it is not possible to subclass the type and therefore the fact that the size of the class structure is exposed is not a concern and it can be freely changed at any point in the future.

  • g_autoptr() support being added for your type, based on the type of your parent class

You can only use this function if your parent type also supports g_autoptr().

Because the type macro (MY_APP_TYPE_WINDOW in the above example) is not a callable, you must continue to manually define this as a macro for yourself.

The declaration of the _get_type() function is the first thing emitted by the macro. This allows this macro to be used in the usual way with export control and API versioning macros.

If you want to declare your own class structure, use G_DECLARE_DERIVABLE_TYPE().

If you are writing a library, it is important to note that it is possible to convert a type from using G_DECLARE_FINAL_TYPE() to G_DECLARE_DERIVABLE_TYPE() without breaking API or ABI. As a precaution, you should therefore use G_DECLARE_FINAL_TYPE() until you are sure that it makes sense for your class to be subclassed. Once a class structure has been exposed it is not possible to change its size or remove or reorder items without breaking the API and/or ABI.

Available since: 2.44

This function is not directly available to language bindings.



Type: -

The name of the new type, in camel case (like GtkWidget)


Type: -

The name of the new type in lowercase, with words separated by _ (like gtk_widget)


Type: -

The name of the module, in all caps (like GTK)


Type: -

The bare name of the type, in all caps (like WIDGET)


Type: -

The name of the parent type, in camel case (like GtkWidget)