Class

GtkContainer

Description [src]

abstract class Gtk.Container : Gtk.Widget {
  widget: GtkWidget
}

A GTK+ user interface is constructed by nesting widgets inside widgets. Container widgets are the inner nodes in the resulting tree of widgets: they contain other widgets. So, for example, you might have a GtkWindow containing a GtkFrame containing a GtkLabel. If you wanted an image instead of a textual label inside the frame, you might replace the GtkLabel widget with a GtkImage widget.

There are two major kinds of container widgets in GTK+. Both are subclasses of the abstract GtkContainer base class.

The first type of container widget has a single child widget and derives from GtkBin. These containers are decorators, which add some kind of functionality to the child. For example, a GtkButton makes its child into a clickable button; a GtkFrame draws a frame around its child and a GtkWindow places its child widget inside a top-level window.

The second type of container can have more than one child; its purpose is to manage layout. This means that these containers assign sizes and positions to their children. For example, a GtkHBox arranges its children in a horizontal row, and a GtkGrid arranges the widgets it contains in a two-dimensional grid.

For implementations of GtkContainer the virtual method GtkContainerClass.forall() is always required, since it’s used for drawing and other internal operations on the children. If the GtkContainer implementation expect to have non internal children it’s needed to implement both GtkContainerClass.add() and GtkContainerClass.remove(). If the GtkContainer implementation has internal children, they should be added with gtk_widget_set_parent() on init() and removed with gtk_widget_unparent() in the GtkWidgetClass.destroy() implementation. See more about implementing custom widgets at https://wiki.gnome.org/HowDoI/CustomWidgets

Height for width geometry management

GTK+ uses a height-for-width (and width-for-height) geometry management system. Height-for-width means that a widget can change how much vertical space it needs, depending on the amount of horizontal space that it is given (and similar for width-for-height).

There are some things to keep in mind when implementing container widgets that make use of GTK+’s height for width geometry management system. First, it’s important to note that a container must prioritize one of its dimensions, that is to say that a widget or container can only have a GtkSizeRequestMode that is GTK_SIZE_REQUEST_HEIGHT_FOR_WIDTH or GTK_SIZE_REQUEST_WIDTH_FOR_HEIGHT. However, every widget and container must be able to respond to the APIs for both dimensions, i.e. even if a widget has a request mode that is height-for-width, it is possible that its parent will request its sizes using the width-for-height APIs.

To ensure that everything works properly, here are some guidelines to follow when implementing height-for-width (or width-for-height) containers.

Each request mode involves 2 virtual methods. Height-for-width apis run through gtk_widget_get_preferred_width() and then through gtk_widget_get_preferred_height_for_width(). When handling requests in the opposite GtkSizeRequestMode it is important that every widget request at least enough space to display all of its content at all times.

When gtk_widget_get_preferred_height() is called on a container that is height-for-width, the container must return the height for its minimum width. This is easily achieved by simply calling the reverse apis implemented for itself as follows:

static void
foo_container_get_preferred_height (GtkWidget *widget,
                                    gint *min_height,
                                    gint *nat_height)
{
   if (i_am_in_height_for_width_mode)
     {
       gint min_width;

       GTK_WIDGET_GET_CLASS (widget)->get_preferred_width (widget,
                                                           &min_width,
                                                           NULL);
       GTK_WIDGET_GET_CLASS (widget)->get_preferred_height_for_width
                                                          (widget,
                                                           min_width,
                                                           min_height,
                                                           nat_height);
     }
   else
     {
       ... many containers support both request modes, execute the
       real width-for-height request here by returning the
       collective heights of all widgets that are stacked
       vertically (or whatever is appropriate for this container)
       ...
     }
}

Similarly, when gtk_widget_get_preferred_width_for_height() is called for a container or widget that is height-for-width, it then only needs to return the base minimum width like so:

static void
foo_container_get_preferred_width_for_height (GtkWidget *widget,
                                              gint for_height,
                                              gint *min_width,
                                              gint *nat_width)
{
   if (i_am_in_height_for_width_mode)
     {
       GTK_WIDGET_GET_CLASS (widget)->get_preferred_width (widget,
                                                           min_width,
                                                           nat_width);
     }
   else
     {
       ... execute the real width-for-height request here based on
       the required width of the children collectively if the
       container were to be allocated the said height ...
     }
}

Height for width requests are generally implemented in terms of a virtual allocation of widgets in the input orientation. Assuming an height-for-width request mode, a container would implement the get_preferred_height_for_width() virtual function by first calling gtk_widget_get_preferred_width() for each of its children.

For each potential group of children that are lined up horizontally, the values returned by gtk_widget_get_preferred_width() should be collected in an array of GtkRequestedSize structures. Any child spacing should be removed from the input for_width and then the collective size should be allocated using the gtk_distribute_natural_allocation() convenience function.

The container will then move on to request the preferred height for each child by using gtk_widget_get_preferred_height_for_width() and using the sizes stored in the GtkRequestedSize array.

To allocate a height-for-width container, it’s again important to consider that a container must prioritize one dimension over the other. So if a container is a height-for-width container it must first allocate all widgets horizontally using a GtkRequestedSize array and gtk_distribute_natural_allocation() and then add any extra space (if and where appropriate) for the widget to expand.

After adding all the expand space, the container assumes it was allocated sufficient height to fit all of its content. At this time, the container must use the total horizontal sizes of each widget to request the height-for-width of each of its children and store the requests in a GtkRequestedSize array for any widgets that stack vertically (for tabular containers this can be generalized into the heights and widths of rows and columns). The vertical space must then again be distributed using gtk_distribute_natural_allocation() while this time considering the allocated height of the widget minus any vertical spacing that the container adds. Then vertical expand space should be added where appropriate and available and the container should go on to actually allocating the child widgets.

See [GtkWidget’s geometry management section][geometry-management] to learn more about implementing height-for-width geometry management for widgets.

Child properties

GtkContainer introduces child properties. These are object properties that are not specific to either the container or the contained widget, but rather to their relation. Typical examples of child properties are the position or pack-type of a widget which is contained in a GtkBox.

Use gtk_container_class_install_child_property() to install child properties for a container class and gtk_container_class_find_child_property() or gtk_container_class_list_child_properties() to get information about existing child properties.

To set the value of a child property, use gtk_container_child_set_property(), gtk_container_child_set() or gtk_container_child_set_valist(). To obtain the value of a child property, use gtk_container_child_get_property(), gtk_container_child_get() or gtk_container_child_get_valist(). To emit notification about child property changes, use gtk_widget_child_notify().

GtkContainer as GtkBuildable

The GtkContainer implementation of the GtkBuildable interface supports a <packing> element for children, which can contain multiple <property> elements that specify child properties for the child.

Since 2.16, child properties can also be marked as translatable using the same “translatable”, “comments” and “context” attributes that are used for regular properties.

Since 3.16, containers can have a <focus-chain> element containing multiple <widget> elements, one for each child that should be added to the focus chain. The ”name” attribute gives the id of the widget.

An example of these properties in UI definitions:

<object class="GtkBox">
  <child>
    <object class="GtkEntry" id="entry1"/>
    <packing>
      <property name="pack-type">start</property>
    </packing>
  </child>
  <child>
    <object class="GtkEntry" id="entry2"/>
  </child>
  <focus-chain>
    <widget name="entry1"/>
    <widget name="entry2"/>
  </focus-chain>
</object>

Hierarchy

hierarchy this GtkContainer implements_0 AtkImplementorIface this--implements_0 implements_1 GtkBuildable this--implements_1 ancestor_0 GtkWidget ancestor_0--this ancestor_1 GInitiallyUnowned ancestor_1--ancestor_0 ancestor_2 GObject ancestor_2--ancestor_1

Instance methods

gtk_container_add

Adds widget to container. Typically used for simple containers such as GtkWindow, GtkFrame, or GtkButton; for more complicated layout containers such as GtkBox or GtkGrid, this function will pick default packing parameters that may not be correct. So consider functions such as gtk_box_pack_start() and gtk_grid_attach() as an alternative to gtk_container_add() in those cases. A widget may be added to only one container at a time; you can’t place the same widget inside two different containers.

gtk_container_add_with_properties

Adds widget to container, setting child properties at the same time. See gtk_container_add() and gtk_container_child_set() for more details.

gtk_container_check_resize
No description available.
gtk_container_child_get

Gets the values of one or more child properties for child and container.

gtk_container_child_get_property

Gets the value of a child property for child and container.

gtk_container_child_get_valist

Gets the values of one or more child properties for child and container.

gtk_container_child_notify

Emits a GtkWidget::child-notify signal for the [child property][child-properties] child_property on the child.

Available since: 3.2

gtk_container_child_notify_by_pspec

Emits a GtkWidget::child-notify signal for the [child property][child-properties] specified by pspec on the child.

Available since: 3.18

gtk_container_child_set

Sets one or more child properties for child and container.

gtk_container_child_set_property

Sets a child property for child and container.

gtk_container_child_set_valist

Sets one or more child properties for child and container.

gtk_container_child_type

Returns the type of the children supported by the container.

gtk_container_forall

Invokes callback on each direct child of container, including children that are considered “internal” (implementation details of the container). “Internal” children generally weren’t added by the user of the container, but were added by the container implementation itself.

gtk_container_foreach

Invokes callback on each non-internal child of container. See gtk_container_forall() for details on what constitutes an “internal” child. For all practical purposes, this function should iterate over precisely those child widgets that were added to the container by the application with explicit add() calls.

gtk_container_get_border_width

Retrieves the border width of the container. See gtk_container_set_border_width().

gtk_container_get_children

Returns the container’s non-internal children. See gtk_container_forall() for details on what constitutes an “internal” child.

gtk_container_get_focus_chain

Retrieves the focus chain of the container, if one has been set explicitly. If no focus chain has been explicitly set, GTK+ computes the focus chain based on the positions of the children. In that case, GTK+ stores NULL in focusable_widgets and returns FALSE.

Deprecated since: 3.24

gtk_container_get_focus_child

Returns the current focus child widget inside container. This is not the currently focused widget. That can be obtained by calling gtk_window_get_focus().

Available since: 2.14

gtk_container_get_focus_hadjustment

Retrieves the horizontal focus adjustment for the container. See gtk_container_set_focus_hadjustment ().

gtk_container_get_focus_vadjustment

Retrieves the vertical focus adjustment for the container. See gtk_container_set_focus_vadjustment().

gtk_container_get_path_for_child

Returns a newly created widget path representing all the widget hierarchy from the toplevel down to and including child.

gtk_container_get_resize_mode

Returns the resize mode for the container. See gtk_container_set_resize_mode ().

Deprecated since: 3.12

gtk_container_propagate_draw

When a container receives a call to the draw function, it must send synthetic GtkWidget::draw calls to all children that don’t have their own GdkWindows. This function provides a convenient way of doing this. A container, when it receives a call to its GtkWidget::draw function, calls gtk_container_propagate_draw() once for each child, passing in the cr the container received.

gtk_container_remove

Removes widget from container. widget must be inside container. Note that container will own a reference to widget, and that this may be the last reference held; so removing a widget from its container can destroy that widget. If you want to use widget again, you need to add a reference to it before removing it from a container, using g_object_ref(). If you don’t want to use widget again it’s usually more efficient to simply destroy it directly using gtk_widget_destroy() since this will remove it from the container and help break any circular reference count cycles.

gtk_container_resize_children
No description available.
gtk_container_set_border_width

Sets the border width of the container.

gtk_container_set_focus_chain

Sets a focus chain, overriding the one computed automatically by GTK+.

Deprecated since: 3.24

gtk_container_set_focus_child

Sets, or unsets if child is NULL, the focused child of container.

gtk_container_set_focus_hadjustment

Hooks up an adjustment to focus handling in a container, so when a child of the container is focused, the adjustment is scrolled to show that widget. This function sets the horizontal alignment. See gtk_scrolled_window_get_hadjustment() for a typical way of obtaining the adjustment and gtk_container_set_focus_vadjustment() for setting the vertical adjustment.

gtk_container_set_focus_vadjustment

Hooks up an adjustment to focus handling in a container, so when a child of the container is focused, the adjustment is scrolled to show that widget. This function sets the vertical alignment. See gtk_scrolled_window_get_vadjustment() for a typical way of obtaining the adjustment and gtk_container_set_focus_hadjustment() for setting the horizontal adjustment.

gtk_container_set_reallocate_redraws

Sets the reallocate_redraws flag of the container to the given value.

Deprecated since: 3.14

gtk_container_set_resize_mode

Sets the resize mode for the container.

Deprecated since: 3.12

gtk_container_unset_focus_chain

Removes a focus chain explicitly set with gtk_container_set_focus_chain().

Deprecated since: 3.24

Methods inherited from GtkWidget (263)
gtk_widget_activate

For widgets that can be “activated” (buttons, menu items, etc.) this function activates them. Activation is what happens when you press Enter on a widget during key navigation. If widget isn’t activatable, the function returns FALSE.

gtk_widget_add_accelerator

Installs an accelerator for this widget in accel_group that causes accel_signal to be emitted if the accelerator is activated. The accel_group needs to be added to the widget’s toplevel via gtk_window_add_accel_group(), and the signal must be of type G_SIGNAL_ACTION. Accelerators added through this function are not user changeable during runtime. If you want to support accelerators that can be changed by the user, use gtk_accel_map_add_entry() and gtk_widget_set_accel_path() or gtk_menu_item_set_accel_path() instead.

gtk_widget_add_device_events

Adds the device events in the bitfield events to the event mask for widget. See gtk_widget_set_device_events() for details.

Available since: 3.0

gtk_widget_add_events

Adds the events in the bitfield events to the event mask for widget. See gtk_widget_set_events() and the [input handling overview][event-masks] for details.

gtk_widget_add_mnemonic_label

Adds a widget to the list of mnemonic labels for this widget. (See gtk_widget_list_mnemonic_labels()). Note the list of mnemonic labels for the widget is cleared when the widget is destroyed, so the caller must make sure to update its internal state at this point as well, by using a connection to the GtkWidget::destroy signal or a weak notifier.

Available since: 2.4

gtk_widget_add_tick_callback

Queues an animation frame update and adds a callback to be called before each frame. Until the tick callback is removed, it will be called frequently (usually at the frame rate of the output device or as quickly as the application can be repainted, whichever is slower). For this reason, is most suitable for handling graphics that change every frame or every few frames. The tick callback does not automatically imply a relayout or repaint. If you want a repaint or relayout, and aren’t changing widget properties that would trigger that (for example, changing the text of a GtkLabel), then you will have to call gtk_widget_queue_resize() or gtk_widget_queue_draw_area() yourself.

Available since: 3.8

gtk_widget_can_activate_accel

Determines whether an accelerator that activates the signal identified by signal_id can currently be activated. This is done by emitting the GtkWidget::can-activate-accel signal on widget; if the signal isn’t overridden by a handler or in a derived widget, then the default check is that the widget must be sensitive, and the widget and all its ancestors mapped.

Available since: 2.4

gtk_widget_child_focus

This function is used by custom widget implementations; if you’re writing an app, you’d use gtk_widget_grab_focus() to move the focus to a particular widget, and gtk_container_set_focus_chain() to change the focus tab order. So you may want to investigate those functions instead.

gtk_widget_child_notify

Emits a GtkWidget::child-notify signal for the [child property][child-properties] child_property on widget.

gtk_widget_class_path

Same as gtk_widget_path(), but always uses the name of a widget’s type, never uses a custom name set with gtk_widget_set_name().

Deprecated since: 3.0

gtk_widget_compute_expand

Computes whether a container should give this widget extra space when possible. Containers should check this, rather than looking at gtk_widget_get_hexpand() or gtk_widget_get_vexpand().

gtk_widget_create_pango_context

Creates a new PangoContext with the appropriate font map, font options, font description, and base direction for drawing text for this widget. See also gtk_widget_get_pango_context().

gtk_widget_create_pango_layout

Creates a new PangoLayout with the appropriate font map, font description, and base direction for drawing text for this widget.

gtk_widget_destroy

Destroys a widget.

gtk_widget_destroyed

This function sets *widget_pointer to NULL if widget_pointer != NULL. It’s intended to be used as a callback connected to the “destroy” signal of a widget. You connect gtk_widget_destroyed() as a signal handler, and pass the address of your widget variable as user data. Then when the widget is destroyed, the variable will be set to NULL. Useful for example to avoid multiple copies of the same dialog.

gtk_widget_device_is_shadowed

Returns TRUE if device has been shadowed by a GTK+ device grab on another widget, so it would stop sending events to widget. This may be used in the GtkWidget::grab-notify signal to check for specific devices. See gtk_device_grab_add().

Available since: 3.0

gtk_drag_begin

This function is equivalent to gtk_drag_begin_with_coordinates(), passing -1, -1 as coordinates.

Deprecated since: 3.10

gtk_drag_begin_with_coordinates

Initiates a drag on the source side. The function only needs to be used when the application is starting drags itself, and is not needed when gtk_drag_source_set() is used.

Available since: 3.10

gtk_drag_check_threshold

Checks to see if a mouse drag starting at (start_x, start_y) and ending at (current_x, current_y) has passed the GTK+ drag threshold, and thus should trigger the beginning of a drag-and-drop operation.

gtk_drag_dest_add_image_targets

Add the image targets supported by GtkSelectionData to the target list of the drag destination. The targets are added with info = 0. If you need another value, use gtk_target_list_add_image_targets() and gtk_drag_dest_set_target_list().

Available since: 2.6

gtk_drag_dest_add_text_targets

Add the text targets supported by GtkSelectionData to the target list of the drag destination. The targets are added with info = 0. If you need another value, use gtk_target_list_add_text_targets() and gtk_drag_dest_set_target_list().

Available since: 2.6

gtk_drag_dest_add_uri_targets

Add the URI targets supported by GtkSelectionData to the target list of the drag destination. The targets are added with info = 0. If you need another value, use gtk_target_list_add_uri_targets() and gtk_drag_dest_set_target_list().

Available since: 2.6

gtk_drag_dest_find_target

Looks for a match between the supported targets of context and the dest_target_list, returning the first matching target, otherwise returning GDK_NONE. dest_target_list should usually be the return value from gtk_drag_dest_get_target_list(), but some widgets may have different valid targets for different parts of the widget; in that case, they will have to implement a drag_motion handler that passes the correct target list to this function.

Methods inherited from GObject (42)
Methods inherited from GtkBuildable (10)
gtk_buildable_add_child

Adds a child to buildable. type is an optional string describing how the child should be added.

Available since: 2.12

gtk_buildable_construct_child

Constructs a child of buildable with the name name.

Available since: 2.12

gtk_buildable_custom_finished

This is similar to gtk_buildable_parser_finished() but is called once for each custom tag handled by the buildable.

Available since: 2.12

gtk_buildable_custom_tag_end

This is called at the end of each custom element handled by the buildable.

Available since: 2.12

gtk_buildable_custom_tag_start

This is called for each unknown element under <child>.

Available since: 2.12

gtk_buildable_get_internal_child

Get the internal child called childname of the buildable object.

Available since: 2.12

gtk_buildable_get_name

Gets the name of the buildable object.

Available since: 2.12

gtk_buildable_parser_finished

Called when the builder finishes the parsing of a [GtkBuilder UI definition][BUILDER-UI]. Note that this will be called once for each time gtk_builder_add_from_file() or gtk_builder_add_from_string() is called on a builder.

Available since: 2.12

gtk_buildable_set_buildable_property

Sets the property name name to value on the buildable object.

Available since: 2.12

gtk_buildable_set_name

Sets the name of the buildable object.

Available since: 2.12

Properties

Gtk.Container:border-width
No description available.
Gtk.Container:child
No description available.
Gtk.Container:resize-mode
No description available.
Properties inherited from GtkWidget (39)
Gtk.Widget:app-paintable
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:can-default
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:can-focus
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:composite-child
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:double-buffered

Whether the widget is double buffered.

Available since: 2.18

Deprecated since: 3.14

Gtk.Widget:events
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:expand

Whether to expand in both directions. Setting this sets both GtkWidget:hexpand and GtkWidget:vexpand.

Available since: 3.0

Gtk.Widget:focus-on-click

Whether the widget should grab focus when it is clicked with the mouse.

Available since: 3.20

Gtk.Widget:halign

How to distribute horizontal space if widget gets extra space, see GtkAlign.

Available since: 3.0

Gtk.Widget:has-default
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:has-focus
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:has-tooltip

Enables or disables the emission of GtkWidget::query-tooltip on widget. A value of TRUE indicates that widget can have a tooltip, in this case the widget will be queried using GtkWidget::query-tooltip to determine whether it will provide a tooltip or not.

Available since: 2.12

Gtk.Widget:height-request
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:hexpand

Whether to expand horizontally. See gtk_widget_set_hexpand().

Available since: 3.0

Gtk.Widget:hexpand-set

Whether to use the GtkWidget:hexpand property. See gtk_widget_get_hexpand_set().

Available since: 3.0

Gtk.Widget:is-focus
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:margin

Sets all four sides’ margin at once. If read, returns max margin on any side.

Available since: 3.0

Gtk.Widget:margin-bottom

Margin on bottom side of widget.

Available since: 3.0

Gtk.Widget:margin-end

Margin on end of widget, horizontally. This property supports left-to-right and right-to-left text directions.

Available since: 3.12

Gtk.Widget:margin-left

Margin on left side of widget.

Available since: 3.0

Deprecated since: 3.12

Gtk.Widget:margin-right

Margin on right side of widget.

Available since: 3.0

Deprecated since: 3.12

Gtk.Widget:margin-start

Margin on start of widget, horizontally. This property supports left-to-right and right-to-left text directions.

Available since: 3.12

Gtk.Widget:margin-top

Margin on top side of widget.

Available since: 3.0

Gtk.Widget:name
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:no-show-all
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:opacity

The requested opacity of the widget. See gtk_widget_set_opacity() for more details about window opacity.

Available since: 3.8

Gtk.Widget:parent
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:receives-default
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:scale-factor

The scale factor of the widget. See gtk_widget_get_scale_factor() for more details about widget scaling.

Available since: 3.10

Gtk.Widget:sensitive
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:style

The style of the widget, which contains information about how it will look (colors, etc).

Gtk.Widget:tooltip-markup

Sets the text of tooltip to be the given string, which is marked up with the [Pango text markup language][PangoMarkupFormat]. Also see gtk_tooltip_set_markup().

Available since: 2.12

Gtk.Widget:tooltip-text

Sets the text of tooltip to be the given string.

Available since: 2.12

Gtk.Widget:valign

How to distribute vertical space if widget gets extra space, see GtkAlign.

Available since: 3.0

Gtk.Widget:vexpand

Whether to expand vertically. See gtk_widget_set_vexpand().

Available since: 3.0

Gtk.Widget:vexpand-set

Whether to use the GtkWidget:vexpand property. See gtk_widget_get_vexpand_set().

Available since: 3.0

Gtk.Widget:visible
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:width-request
No description available.
Gtk.Widget:window

The widget’s window if it is realized, NULL otherwise.

Available since: 2.14

Signals

Gtk.Container::add
No description available.
Gtk.Container::check-resize
No description available.
Gtk.Container::remove
No description available.
Gtk.Container::set-focus-child
No description available.
Signals inherited from GtkWidget (69)
Gtk.Widget::accel-closures-changed
No description available.
Gtk.Widget::button-press-event

The ::button-press-event signal will be emitted when a button (typically from a mouse) is pressed.

Gtk.Widget::button-release-event

The ::button-release-event signal will be emitted when a button (typically from a mouse) is released.

Gtk.Widget::can-activate-accel

Determines whether an accelerator that activates the signal identified by signal_id can currently be activated. This signal is present to allow applications and derived widgets to override the default GtkWidget handling for determining whether an accelerator can be activated.

Gtk.Widget::child-notify

The ::child-notify signal is emitted for each [child property][child-properties] that has changed on an object. The signal’s detail holds the property name.

Gtk.Widget::composited-changed

The ::composited-changed signal is emitted when the composited status of widgets screen changes. See gdk_screen_is_composited().

Deprecated since: 3.22

Gtk.Widget::configure-event

The ::configure-event signal will be emitted when the size, position or stacking of the widgets window has changed.

Gtk.Widget::damage-event

Emitted when a redirected window belonging to widget gets drawn into. The region/area members of the event shows what area of the redirected drawable was drawn into.

Available since: 2.14

Gtk.Widget::delete-event

The ::delete-event signal is emitted if a user requests that a toplevel window is closed. The default handler for this signal destroys the window. Connecting gtk_widget_hide_on_delete() to this signal will cause the window to be hidden instead, so that it can later be shown again without reconstructing it.

Gtk.Widget::destroy

Signals that all holders of a reference to the widget should release the reference that they hold. May result in finalization of the widget if all references are released.

Gtk.Widget::destroy-event

The ::destroy-event signal is emitted when a GdkWindow is destroyed. You rarely get this signal, because most widgets disconnect themselves from their window before they destroy it, so no widget owns the window at destroy time.

Gtk.Widget::direction-changed

The ::direction-changed signal is emitted when the text direction of a widget changes.

Gtk.Widget::drag-begin

The ::drag-begin signal is emitted on the drag source when a drag is started. A typical reason to connect to this signal is to set up a custom drag icon with e.g. gtk_drag_source_set_icon_pixbuf().

Gtk.Widget::drag-data-delete

The ::drag-data-delete signal is emitted on the drag source when a drag with the action GDK_ACTION_MOVE is successfully completed. The signal handler is responsible for deleting the data that has been dropped. What “delete” means depends on the context of the drag operation.

Gtk.Widget::drag-data-get

The ::drag-data-get signal is emitted on the drag source when the drop site requests the data which is dragged. It is the responsibility of the signal handler to fill data with the data in the format which is indicated by info. See gtk_selection_data_set() and gtk_selection_data_set_text().

Gtk.Widget::drag-data-received

The ::drag-data-received signal is emitted on the drop site when the dragged data has been received. If the data was received in order to determine whether the drop will be accepted, the handler is expected to call gdk_drag_status() and not finish the drag. If the data was received in response to a GtkWidget::drag-drop signal (and this is the last target to be received), the handler for this signal is expected to process the received data and then call gtk_drag_finish(), setting the success parameter depending on whether the data was processed successfully.

Gtk.Widget::drag-drop

The ::drag-drop signal is emitted on the drop site when the user drops the data onto the widget. The signal handler must determine whether the cursor position is in a drop zone or not. If it is not in a drop zone, it returns FALSE and no further processing is necessary. Otherwise, the handler returns TRUE. In this case, the handler must ensure that gtk_drag_finish() is called to let the source know that the drop is done. The call to gtk_drag_finish() can be done either directly or in a GtkWidget::drag-data-received handler which gets triggered by calling gtk_drag_get_data() to receive the data for one or more of the supported targets.

Gtk.Widget::drag-end

The ::drag-end signal is emitted on the drag source when a drag is finished. A typical reason to connect to this signal is to undo things done in GtkWidget::drag-begin.

Gtk.Widget::drag-failed

The ::drag-failed signal is emitted on the drag source when a drag has failed. The signal handler may hook custom code to handle a failed DnD operation based on the type of error, it returns TRUE is the failure has been already handled (not showing the default “drag operation failed” animation), otherwise it returns FALSE.

Available since: 2.12

Gtk.Widget::drag-leave

The ::drag-leave signal is emitted on the drop site when the cursor leaves the widget. A typical reason to connect to this signal is to undo things done in GtkWidget::drag-motion, e.g. undo highlighting with gtk_drag_unhighlight().

Gtk.Widget::drag-motion

The ::drag-motion signal is emitted on the drop site when the user moves the cursor over the widget during a drag. The signal handler must determine whether the cursor position is in a drop zone or not. If it is not in a drop zone, it returns FALSE and no further processing is necessary. Otherwise, the handler returns TRUE. In this case, the handler is responsible for providing the necessary information for displaying feedback to the user, by calling gdk_drag_status().

Gtk.Widget::draw

This signal is emitted when a widget is supposed to render itself. The widgets top left corner must be painted at the origin of the passed in context and be sized to the values returned by gtk_widget_get_allocated_width() and gtk_widget_get_allocated_height().

Available since: 3.0

Gtk.Widget::enter-notify-event

The ::enter-notify-event will be emitted when the pointer enters the widgets window.

Gtk.Widget::event

The GTK+ main loop will emit three signals for each GDK event delivered to a widget: one generic ::event signal, another, more specific, signal that matches the type of event delivered (e.g. GtkWidget::key-press-event) and finally a generic GtkWidget::event-after signal.

Gtk.Widget::event-after

After the emission of the GtkWidget::event signal and (optionally) the second more specific signal, ::event-after will be emitted regardless of the previous two signals handlers return values.

Gtk.Widget::focus
No description available.
Gtk.Widget::focus-in-event

The ::focus-in-event signal will be emitted when the keyboard focus enters the widgets window.

Gtk.Widget::focus-out-event

The ::focus-out-event signal will be emitted when the keyboard focus leaves the widgets window.

Gtk.Widget::grab-broken-event

Emitted when a pointer or keyboard grab on a window belonging to widget gets broken.

Available since: 2.8

Gtk.Widget::grab-focus
No description available.
Gtk.Widget::grab-notify

The ::grab-notify signal is emitted when a widget becomes shadowed by a GTK+ grab (not a pointer or keyboard grab) on another widget, or when it becomes unshadowed due to a grab being removed.

Gtk.Widget::hide

The ::hide signal is emitted when widget is hidden, for example with gtk_widget_hide().

Gtk.Widget::hierarchy-changed

The ::hierarchy-changed signal is emitted when the anchored state of a widget changes. A widget is “anchored” when its toplevel ancestor is a GtkWindow. This signal is emitted when a widget changes from un-anchored to anchored or vice-versa.

Gtk.Widget::key-press-event

The ::key-press-event signal is emitted when a key is pressed. The signal emission will reoccur at the key-repeat rate when the key is kept pressed.

Gtk.Widget::key-release-event

The ::key-release-event signal is emitted when a key is released.

Gtk.Widget::keynav-failed

Gets emitted if keyboard navigation fails. See gtk_widget_keynav_failed() for details.

Available since: 2.12

Gtk.Widget::leave-notify-event

The ::leave-notify-event will be emitted when the pointer leaves the widgets window.

Gtk.Widget::map

The ::map signal is emitted when widget is going to be mapped, that is when the widget is visible (which is controlled with gtk_widget_set_visible()) and all its parents up to the toplevel widget are also visible. Once the map has occurred, GtkWidget::map-event will be emitted.

Gtk.Widget::map-event

The ::map-event signal will be emitted when the widgets window is mapped. A window is mapped when it becomes visible on the screen.

Gtk.Widget::mnemonic-activate

The default handler for this signal activates widget if group_cycling is FALSE, or just makes widget grab focus if group_cycling is TRUE.

Gtk.Widget::motion-notify-event

The ::motion-notify-event signal is emitted when the pointer moves over the widget’s GdkWindow.

Gtk.Widget::move-focus
No description available.
Gtk.Widget::parent-set

The ::parent-set signal is emitted when a new parent has been set on a widget.

Gtk.Widget::popup-menu

This signal gets emitted whenever a widget should pop up a context menu. This usually happens through the standard key binding mechanism; by pressing a certain key while a widget is focused, the user can cause the widget to pop up a menu. For example, the GtkEntry widget creates a menu with clipboard commands. See the [Popup Menu Migration Checklist][checklist-popup-menu] for an example of how to use this signal.

Gtk.Widget::property-notify-event

The ::property-notify-event signal will be emitted when a property on the widgets window has been changed or deleted.

Gtk.Widget::proximity-in-event

To receive this signal the GdkWindow associated to the widget needs to enable the #GDK_PROXIMITY_IN_MASK mask.

Gtk.Widget::proximity-out-event

To receive this signal the GdkWindow associated to the widget needs to enable the #GDK_PROXIMITY_OUT_MASK mask.

Gtk.Widget::query-tooltip

Emitted when GtkWidget:has-tooltip is TRUE and the hover timeout has expired with the cursor hovering “above” widget; or emitted when widget got focus in keyboard mode.

Available since: 2.12

Gtk.Widget::realize

The ::realize signal is emitted when widget is associated with a GdkWindow, which means that gtk_widget_realize() has been called or the widget has been mapped (that is, it is going to be drawn).

Gtk.Widget::screen-changed

The ::screen-changed signal gets emitted when the screen of a widget has changed.

Gtk.Widget::scroll-event

The ::scroll-event signal is emitted when a button in the 4 to 7 range is pressed. Wheel mice are usually configured to generate button press events for buttons 4 and 5 when the wheel is turned.

Gtk.Widget::selection-clear-event

The ::selection-clear-event signal will be emitted when the the widgets window has lost ownership of a selection.

Gtk.Widget::selection-get
No description available.
Gtk.Widget::selection-notify-event
No description available.
Gtk.Widget::selection-received
No description available.
Gtk.Widget::selection-request-event

The ::selection-request-event signal will be emitted when another client requests ownership of the selection owned by the widgets window.

Gtk.Widget::show

The ::show signal is emitted when widget is shown, for example with gtk_widget_show().

Gtk.Widget::show-help
No description available.
Gtk.Widget::size-allocate
No description available.
Gtk.Widget::state-changed

The ::state-changed signal is emitted when the widget state changes. See gtk_widget_get_state().

Deprecated since: 3.0

Gtk.Widget::state-flags-changed

The ::state-flags-changed signal is emitted when the widget state changes, see gtk_widget_get_state_flags().

Available since: 3.0

Gtk.Widget::style-set

The ::style-set signal is emitted when a new style has been set on a widget. Note that style-modifying functions like gtk_widget_modify_base() also cause this signal to be emitted.

Deprecated since: 3.0

Gtk.Widget::style-updated

The ::style-updated signal is a convenience signal that is emitted when the GtkStyleContext::changed signal is emitted on the widgets associated GtkStyleContext as returned by gtk_widget_get_style_context().

Available since: 3.0

Gtk.Widget::touch-event
No description available.
Gtk.Widget::unmap

The ::unmap signal is emitted when widget is going to be unmapped, which means that either it or any of its parents up to the toplevel widget have been set as hidden.

Gtk.Widget::unmap-event

The ::unmap-event signal will be emitted when the widgets window is unmapped. A window is unmapped when it becomes invisible on the screen.

Gtk.Widget::unrealize

The ::unrealize signal is emitted when the GdkWindow associated with widget is destroyed, which means that gtk_widget_unrealize() has been called or the widget has been unmapped (that is, it is going to be hidden).

Gtk.Widget::visibility-notify-event

The ::visibility-notify-event will be emitted when the widgets window is obscured or unobscured.

Deprecated since: 3.12

Gtk.Widget::window-state-event

The ::window-state-event will be emitted when the state of the toplevel window associated to the widget changes.

Signals inherited from GObject (1)

Class structure

struct GtkContainerClass {
  GtkWidgetClass parent_class;
  void (* add) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    GtkWidget* widget
  );
  void (* remove) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    GtkWidget* widget
  );
  void (* check_resize) (
    GtkContainer* container
  );
  void (* forall) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    gboolean include_internals,
    GtkCallback callback,
    gpointer callback_data
  );
  void (* set_focus_child) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    GtkWidget* child
  );
  GType (* child_type) (
    GtkContainer* container
  );
  gchar* (* composite_name) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    GtkWidget* child
  );
  void (* set_child_property) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    GtkWidget* child,
    guint property_id,
    const GValue* value,
    GParamSpec* pspec
  );
  void (* get_child_property) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    GtkWidget* child,
    guint property_id,
    GValue* value,
    GParamSpec* pspec
  );
  GtkWidgetPath* (* get_path_for_child) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    GtkWidget* child
  );
  void (* _gtk_reserved1) (
void
  );
  void (* _gtk_reserved2) (
void
  );
  void (* _gtk_reserved3) (
void
  );
  void (* _gtk_reserved4) (
void
  );
  void (* _gtk_reserved5) (
void
  );
  void (* _gtk_reserved6) (
void
  );
  void (* _gtk_reserved7) (
void
  );
  void (* _gtk_reserved8) (
void
  );
  
}
Class members
parent_class
GtkWidgetClass
 

The parent class.

add
void (* add) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    GtkWidget* widget
  )
  No description available.
remove
void (* remove) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    GtkWidget* widget
  )
  No description available.
check_resize
void (* check_resize) (
    GtkContainer* container
  )
  No description available.
forall
void (* forall) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    gboolean include_internals,
    GtkCallback callback,
    gpointer callback_data
  )
  No description available.
set_focus_child
void (* set_focus_child) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    GtkWidget* child
  )
  No description available.
child_type
GType (* child_type) (
    GtkContainer* container
  )
  No description available.
composite_name
gchar* (* composite_name) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    GtkWidget* child
  )
  No description available.
set_child_property
void (* set_child_property) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    GtkWidget* child,
    guint property_id,
    const GValue* value,
    GParamSpec* pspec
  )
  No description available.
get_child_property
void (* get_child_property) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    GtkWidget* child,
    guint property_id,
    GValue* value,
    GParamSpec* pspec
  )
  No description available.
get_path_for_child
GtkWidgetPath* (* get_path_for_child) (
    GtkContainer* container,
    GtkWidget* child
  )
  No description available.
_gtk_reserved1
void (* _gtk_reserved1) (
void
  )
  No description available.
_gtk_reserved2
void (* _gtk_reserved2) (
void
  )
  No description available.
_gtk_reserved3
void (* _gtk_reserved3) (
void
  )
  No description available.
_gtk_reserved4
void (* _gtk_reserved4) (
void
  )
  No description available.
_gtk_reserved5
void (* _gtk_reserved5) (
void
  )
  No description available.
_gtk_reserved6
void (* _gtk_reserved6) (
void
  )
  No description available.
_gtk_reserved7
void (* _gtk_reserved7) (
void
  )
  No description available.
_gtk_reserved8
void (* _gtk_reserved8) (
void
  )
  No description available.

Virtual methods

Gtk.ContainerClass.add

Adds widget to container. Typically used for simple containers such as GtkWindow, GtkFrame, or GtkButton; for more complicated layout containers such as GtkBox or GtkGrid, this function will pick default packing parameters that may not be correct. So consider functions such as gtk_box_pack_start() and gtk_grid_attach() as an alternative to gtk_container_add() in those cases. A widget may be added to only one container at a time; you can’t place the same widget inside two different containers.

Gtk.ContainerClass.check_resize
No description available.
Gtk.ContainerClass.child_type

Returns the type of the children supported by the container.

Gtk.ContainerClass.composite_name
No description available.
Gtk.ContainerClass.forall

Invokes callback on each direct child of container, including children that are considered “internal” (implementation details of the container). “Internal” children generally weren’t added by the user of the container, but were added by the container implementation itself.

Gtk.ContainerClass.get_child_property
No description available.
Gtk.ContainerClass.get_path_for_child

Returns a newly created widget path representing all the widget hierarchy from the toplevel down to and including child.

Gtk.ContainerClass.remove

Removes widget from container. widget must be inside container. Note that container will own a reference to widget, and that this may be the last reference held; so removing a widget from its container can destroy that widget. If you want to use widget again, you need to add a reference to it before removing it from a container, using g_object_ref(). If you don’t want to use widget again it’s usually more efficient to simply destroy it directly using gtk_widget_destroy() since this will remove it from the container and help break any circular reference count cycles.

Gtk.ContainerClass.set_child_property
No description available.
Gtk.ContainerClass.set_focus_child

Sets, or unsets if child is NULL, the focused child of container.

Class methods

gtk_container_class_find_child_property

Finds a child property of a container class by name.

gtk_container_class_handle_border_width

Modifies a subclass of GtkContainerClass to automatically add and remove the border-width setting on GtkContainer. This allows the subclass to ignore the border width in its size request and allocate methods. The intent is for a subclass to invoke this in its class_init function.

gtk_container_class_install_child_properties

Installs child properties on a container class.

Available since: 3.18

gtk_container_class_install_child_property

Installs a child property on a container class.

gtk_container_class_list_child_properties

Returns all child properties of a container class.